Order of Effects when Mastering

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The order of effects when mastering is not consistent between genres or mixing engineers. What follows are examples of various orders in which audio is processed when mastering.


iZotope Ozone Plugin

The iZotope Ozone mastering effects plugin consists of the following default order:

  1. Paragraphic Equalizer
  2. Mastering Reverb
  3. Multiband Dynamics
  4. Multiband Harmonic Exciter
  5. Multiband Stereo Imaging
  6. Loudness Maximizer
  7. Dither

According to the manual for the Ozone plugin, 'Dither' means upsampling to convert from a lower sampling rate to a higher sampling rate (e.g. 24 or 32).

Dance Music Manual (R. Snoman)

According to Rick Snoman, who wrote the book on trance/techno/dance music called Dance Music Manual, the order is nearly identical:

  1. Noise reduction
  2. Paragraphic equalization / harmonic balancing
  3. Mastering reverb
  4. Dynamics
  5. Harmonic excitement
  6. Stereo imaging
  7. Loudness maximizer

Adobe Audition 3.0

The mastering rack in Adobe Audition 3.0 consists of this order:

  1. Equalizer
  2. Reverb
  3. Exciter
  4. Widener
  5. Loudness Maximizer
  6. Output Gain

Ian Shepherd

The founder of productionadvice.co.uk uses the following[1]:

  1. Gain
  2. EQ
  3. Stereo processing
  4. Compression
  5. EQ
  6. Gain
  7. Soft clip
  8. Limiting
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